We know that intelligence is the human ability to think, understand, decide, and reason, but do we know what “artificial intelligence” is, which has been heard so often since the computer entered our lives?
The concept of artificial intelligence was first used by John McCarty in 1955. (Source: https://news.stanford.edu/news/2011/october/john-mccarthy-obit-102511.html#:~:text=McCarthy%20was%20a%20giant%20in,of%20the%20term%20in%20publication). The purpose of developing artificial intelligence is to make a machine think just like a human being and to give it the ability to think and solve problems. For this reason, when creating artificial intelligence, the machine is given the ability to hear like a human, that is, to identify sounds in different languages, to see and even to move. As a result of these, the ability to perceive and solve the problem is tried to be imposed on the machine with artificial intelligence. Apple’s “Siri” and Google’s “Google Assistant” are the best examples of artificial intelligence in phones. In fact, we can say that wherever there is a computer, there is artificial intelligence. With the help of computer commands, any object can suddenly turn into an object with artificial intelligence. The use of artificial intelligence in the scientific field is realized by uploading more complex algorithms to the computer. These algorithms are based on human intelligence. Accordingly, in very complex problems, the robot or machine can intervene in problems like a human.
However, we have to say that the real problem starts right at this point. Artificial intelligence studies are progressing rapidly and machines with human intelligence are spreading to every field of science and technology. So where will humans be positioned at this point? If all complex problems are solved by machines inspired by human intelligence, where will human be left in science? In 2016, at an event held at the headquarters of the technology giant Google, two topics were discussed: artificial intelligence and the ability of machines to learn. In other words, robots and machines are being created that can think almost alone. Some scientists have similar thoughts on this subject. Robots with artificial intelligence can replace humans after a while and make humans “redundant”.
What features will smart people of the future have?
Edward D. Hess, the Darden Institute’s Batten Professor of Business Administration and Business Management and author of Rethinking Human Excellence in the Age of the Intelligent Machine, as well as many other important books, notes that in the age of intelligent machines, the old definitions of what makes a person intelligent no longer make sense, which is a very accurate diagnosis. Hess goes on to define the new smartness as follows: “The new smartness will be determined not by what or how you know, but by the quality of your thinking, listening, relating, collaborating and learning.”
The new smartness will be about trying to overcome two major barriers to critical thinking and team collaboration, Hess says, and these two barriers are our ego and our fears. What is required for the definition of intelligence is a higher level of human thinking and emotional engagement, Hess continues: “The new smartness will not be determined by what or how you know, but by the quality of thinking, listening, relating, collaborating and learning. Quantity is being replaced by quality. And this shift will allow us to focus on the hard work of raising our cognitive and emotional skills to a higher level.
We will spend more time keeping an open mind and learning to update our beliefs based on new data. We will practice reorganizing after our mistakes and invest more in skills traditionally associated with emotional intelligence. The new intelligence will be about trying to overcome the two big inhibitors of critical thinking and team collaboration: Our ego and our fears. Doing so will make it easier to perceive reality as it is, not as we want it to be. In short, we will embrace humility. This will be the way we humans add value to the world of smart technology.”
Hess’s prediction means that people who are too arrogant, too ego-driven to work in teams, and too afraid to innovate and take responsibility, no matter how smart they are, will fall behind the times. Because with the developing technologies, the waves in the vast ocean we call the working world are getting bigger and bigger, and we can only resist these waves as a team. Moreover, even if we are the captain of the ship, we are on, we may need to hang on to the ropes like a mate when the time comes.
To cope with artificial intelligence developed by humans, experts have a suggestion for us: to improve our emotional intelligence. In other words, to fight artificial intelligence not through IQ but through EQ. In fact, in the real world, the higher the emotional intelligence (EQ), the more successful and happy people are. By constantly interacting with the social environment, it is necessary to try to defeat robots with artificial intelligence with skills that robots and machines can never do, such as understanding the needs of the people around them, listening to their problems and finding solutions, firstly with the ability to empathize, and then with the ability to empathize. As a result, artificial intelligence created by human beings with their own hands can only be defeated emotionally for now.
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