If we think about the applications that we use every day we assimilate that they are simply apps but, nowadays, there are other types of applications that we could not consider as such. We are talking about the so-called DApps and surely you have questions such as: What are DApps? What are they for? What advantages do they offer? If these doubts have arisen, Enkronos will explain what they are, their characteristics and the benefits they can offer you.
What is a DApps and what is Ethereum?
A DApps refers to a decentralized application. That is, they are apps whose operation does not depend on central servers but works based on a decentralized network. In this way, by not having a central authority to make it work, it allows to establish a direct relationship between providers and users. We can access data from this decentralized network through an interface that users themselves can install on their devices or use from a single website.
The DApps concept has evolved over the years to what we know today as Ethereum. Ethereum consists of a digital platform that adopts blockchain technology similar to Bitcoin, which was the first DApps in the world. In this way, this platform allows the creation of various decentralized applications.
DApps explained on Ethereum.org like this:
A decentralized application (dapp) is an application built on a decentralized network that combines a smart contract and a frontend user interface. On Ethereum, smart contracts are accessible and transparent – like open APIs – so your dapp can even include a smart contract that someone else has written.
Main features of a DApps
Next, after knowing what a DApps consists of, we would like to discuss the main features:
Security is one of the main features since the programming of the DApps is done embedded in the blockchain, this makes it impossible to affect it. In this way, it is guaranteed that the environment in which the DApps is executed cannot be modified since it works in a blockchain that uses cryptography.
As a result, it is ensured that the information can only be seen by the person who originates it and the rest of the users can only verify its validity, that is, the information originated is not visible to the users.
As for the data, it is important to note that DApps do not store the information in the cloud or on different external servers, thus minimizing the risk of violating the user’s privacy.
As mentioned above, a DApps is a decentralized application, and this becomes one of the great features because it allows this type of apps to work without the need for a central server. This feature allows to create applications with a high level of fault tolerance.
Open source is also one of the most common features of DApps applications. DApps are considered to be very transparent apps because the source code is available, so users can know the app code at all times. As a result of this open code, anyone can inspect the source code, improve it or consult the development and continuity of the project in order to follow it.
On Ethereum.org explained like this:
A dapp can have frontend code and user interfaces written in any language (just like an app) to make calls to its backend. Furthermore, its frontend can get hosted on decentralized storage such as IPFS.
- Decentralized – dapps operate on Ethereum, an open public decentralized platform where no one person or group has control
- Deterministic – dapps perform the same function irrespective of the environment in which they get executed
- Turing complete – dapps can perform any action given the required resources
- Isolated – dapps are executed in a virtual environment known as Ethereum Virtual Machine so that if the smart contract has a bug, it won’t hamper the normal functioning of the blockchain network
Benefits of decentralized applications
There are different benefits that decentralized applications can offer you and for this reason, they have become more and more popular.
Among these benefits, the fact of high fault tolerance stands out above all, this will mean that if your application becomes popular, your app will not suffer any consequences in terms of its performance since it will be able to withstand this. And as we mentioned earlier in the features, DApps have resources that make them very difficult to attack and therefore the system is damaged.
Examples of DApps on Ethereum
Currently, there are numerous decentralized applications that are based on the digital platform Ethereum that we discussed above and all of them stand out for incorporating the most important features of DApps such as open source, no limitation of users and above all, decentralization.
There are no specific topics on which applications of these characteristics are made, but those related to cryptocurrency apps predominate, since most of the activities included in DApps require some kind of transaction, however small it may be. Even so, you can find DApps oriented to finance, blockchain games or gambling applications or simply streaming applications.
Would you like to create your own app on Ethereum network? Contact Enkronos team today.